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What is your Thyroid?

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland in your neck. It makes two hormones that your
body needs for all your cells to work properly. Essentially your thyroid gland regulates the speed that your body cells work.

What are the symptoms of an Underactive Thyroid (hypothyroidism)

Common symptoms include:
weight gain
feeling cold
poor concentration
muscle aches, cramps and weakness
dry and scaly skin
brittle hair and nails
loss of interest in sex
pain, numbness and a tingling
sensation in your hands and fingers (also known as carpal tunnel syndrome)
irregular or heavy periods

If you are suffering from common symptoms caused by an under active thyroid gland, then it is a good idea to get checked out. 

What is the treatment for an Underactive Thyroid (hypothyroidism)

An underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) is usually treated by taking daily hormone replacement tablets called levothyroxine prescribed by your healthcare professional. This replaces the thyroxine hormone, which your thyroid does not make enough of.

To start with you’ll have regular blood tests to ensure the correct dose of levothyroxine is reached for your body.

Some people start to feel better soon after starting treatment and for others it might take several months to see an improvement.

Once you're taking the correct dose, you'll usually just need a blood test once a year to monitor your hormone levels.

If blood tests suggest you may have an underactive thyroid, but you do not have any symptoms
or they're very mild, you may not need any treatment at all. You’ll just need to monitor your thyroid levels every few months.

An underactive thyroid can affect different age groups in different ways:

Elderly people with an nderactive thyroid may develop memory problems and depression. Teenagers may start puberty earlier than normal. Children may experience slower growth and development.

What are the symptoms of an Overactive Thyroid (hyperthyroidism)

Symptoms include:

If there is too much thyroid hormone, then your body speeds up. 

An overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can cause a
wide range of symptoms, lthough most people don’t experience all of them.

Symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly. For some people they're mild, but for others they can be severe and can significantly affect their life.

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid can include:
weight loss
feeling intolerant to heat
anxiety and irritability
mood swings
difficulty sleeping
feeling tired all the time
muscle weakness
needing to urinate more often than usual
persistent thirst
loss of interest in sex

You can also have physical signs
from an overactive thyroid:
a swelling in your neck caused by
an enlarged thyroid gland (goitre)
heart palpitations
twitching or trembling
a raised, itchy rash – known as hives
warm skin and excessive sweating
red palms of your hands
loose nails
patchy hair loss or
wieght loss
sore and gritty eyes

If you are suffering from common symptoms caused by an over active thyroid gland, then it is a good idea to get checked out

What is the treatment for an Overactive Thyroid (hyperthyroidism)

An overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) is usually treatable. The main treatments are medication, radioactive iodine treatment or surgery. You'll usually be referred to a specialist in hormonal conditions (endocrinologist) to plan your treatment.

Medication usually comprises thionamides to stop your thyroid producing excess hormones.
You might also be prescribed a beta blocker to help relieve some of your symptoms. It usually takes around one or two months for the medication to work.

Once your thyroid hormone levels are under control, your dose may be gradually reduced and then stopped. But some people need to continue taking medication for several years or possibly for life.

Radioactive iodine treatment
Radioactive iodine treatment is a type of radiotherapy that destroys the cells in the thyroid gland to reduce the amount of hormones it can produce. It's a highly effective treatment that can cure an overactive thyroid.

Sometimes surgery to remove all or part of your thyroid gland is recommended.

Is there a higher risk of developing thyroid disease if I have diabetes?

If you have diabetes, you’re at a higher risk of developing a thyroid disease than people without diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. If you already have one autoimmune disorder, you are more likely to develop another one.

For people with type 2 diabetes, the risk is lower, but it is still there. If you have type 2 diabetes, you’re more likely to develop a thyroid disease later in